2008), also in alphabetical order; and (4) the list of names for 60 species of birds used in the community of Savoonga collected by ornithologist Lisa Sheffield Guy from 2003 to 2008 (see Appendix2). Hardly any of the published lists reflected former Indigenous bird classification (see Nelson 1983, 79), so that it may be lost for many northern languages and dialects. For example, Rubtsova (1971, 584) cites the Yupik word yug(w)ayu and translates it as loon. Vakhtin and Emelyanova (1988, 54) explain that yug(w)ayu is used for all species of loon except for the yellow-billed loon (Gavia adamsii), and introduce another word, nangqwalek, for the latter. // Anser sp.? //aalaq; see also w://kangghwaak // oldsquaw // Clangula hyemalisL. //aglekesegaq // Stellers eider // Polystricta stelleri Pallas (P,VE), :// aghnaaneq//bird female (VE), ://akmaliighaq// least auklet // Aethia pusilla Pallas (VE), ://aqfasuk // northern pintail // Anas acuta L. (R), ://aqergiiq // willow grouse // Lagopus lagopus L. (R), //allpa (CH), apa (SLI)// 1) thick-billed murre // Uria lomvia lomvia L.; 2)common murre // Uria aalge Pontoppidan (special name for this species was evidently lost by the early 1980s [Bogoslovskayas original comment] (R;P; VE), //anipa (see also //teghla)// snowy owl // Nyctea scandiaca L (R;P;VE), ://atghaaghquqayuk // bird of passage (R) [evidently from atghhaaghqugh- to fly south (of birds)], //aghqulluk// northern fulmar // Fulmarus glacialis L. (R; P; VE), //kangulga // jaeger (any species) // Stercorarius sp. Some examples: The orca, wolf, raven, spider, whale, were revered animals. It is also known as Siberian Yupik, Bering Strait Yupik, Yuit, Yoit, "St. Lawrence Island Yupik", and in Russia "Chaplinski Yupik" or Yuk. However, their dictionary allows broad cross-cultural comparisons, thanks to the taxonomic (Latin) and English terms attached to each bird entry. It also includes fifteen terms for age-sex groups of certain species, nine terms for bird groupings and behaviour, and three general terms (egg, nest, and nest with eggs). RANAVROLTYN, Grigorii I., comp., 2005 Chukotsko-russkii tematicheskii slovar [ChukchiRussian thematic dictionary]. Furthemore, folk lexicons often include names for birds that do not exist in any scientific nomenclature. He claimed that the Inuit of Anaktuvuk Pass and the Kobuk River valley had themost detailed knowledge of the Anatidae (ducks, geese, and swans) and the Charadriidae (plovers, dotterels, etc.) Their knowledge of bird names reflected the lexicon shared by dozens of their peers, middle-aged adults of the 1970s and 1980s, who were proficient in Yupik, yet many were bilingual Yupik-Russian speakers. A Problem of Zoological Taxonomy among the Karam of the New Guinea Highlands., BULMER, Ralph, 1974 Folk Biology in the New Guinea Highlands., BURCH, Ernest S., Jr., 1971 The Nonempirical Environment of the Arctic Alaskan Eskimos., DAY, Robert H., Adrian E. GALL, Tawna C. MORGAN, John R. ROSE, Jonathan H. PLISSNER, Peter M. SANZENBACHER, Jamie D. FENNEMAN, Katherine J. KULETZ, and Bridget H. WATTS, 2013 Seabirds New to the Eastern Chukchi and Beafort Seas, Alaska: Response to a Changing Climate?, DOBRIEVA, Elizaveta A., Evgeniy V. GOLOVKO, Steven A. JACOBSON, and Michael E. KRAUSS, 2004, FAY, Francis H., and Tom J. CADE, 1959 An Ecological Analysis of the Avifauna of St. Lawrence Island, Alaska., FRIEDMANN, H., 1932 The Birds of St. Lawrence Island, Bering Sea., GABRIELSON, Ira N., and Frederick C. LINCOLN, 1959, HHN, E.O., 1972 Eskimo Bird Names at Chesterfiled Inlet and Baker Lake, Keewatin, Northwest Territories.. Ornithologist Laurence Irving (1958, 66) once argued that the Inuit knowledge of birds differed by (bird) families compared to biologists taxonomies. Chaplino, or Uazigmit, is the largest Yupik language of Siberia (the second one is Naukan Yupik), and is named after the settlement of (Ungaziq; Chaplino[ru] or Old Chaplino in Russian).  The majority of Chaplino Yupik speakers live in the villages of Novoye Chaplino and Sireniki. Lastly, during the final phase, only a few names remain from the former nomenclature, whereas the bulk of terms are now borrowed from other languages or used in a combination with isolated Native words. It was thought that the prey of the marine hunt could return to the sea and become a complete animal again. comm., June 2015, July 2015), which may also include local variations or dialectal differences. The language was also rich in cultural terms associated with birds and their use; and birds played important role in folklore and rituals, as evidenced by the names for non-empirical (see Burch 1971) and mythological birds, like big raven and whale-hunting eagles. The names for birds were also actively used as peoples personal names, as evidenced by family genealogies from the early 1900s that listed people named Meteghlluk (raven), Naghuya (gull), Yug(w)ayu (loon), Tagra (eider), Allpen, Alpawen (from alpa, murre), Galganga, Galgata, Galgawyi (from galga, gull in Chukchi), and others. The former Siberian Yupik ( also known as Yuit ), yet they are remarkably alike and comprise names. En Yupik sibrien: Que peuvent nous dire les noms d oiseaux sur Transitions. Mother tongue, is known s list of seventy-seven terms up in traditional of. Language, the same language the sky seems to be imagined arching as a vault 2007 Fall Migration. 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