. Nyx (the Night) grieved in her daughter's [Eos, here identified with Hemera] anguish, and Ouranos (Uranus, Heaven) drew over all his stars a veil of mist and cloud, of love unto Erigeneia (the Lady of Light). Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) Cronus own name suggests that he was an embodiment of time. [2.2] THE ERINYES, THE GIGANTES (born of the blood of his castration to Gaia) (Apollodorus 1.3, 1.34) [4.1] APHRODITE (born of his castrated genitals cast into the sea) (Hesiod Theogony 188, Philostratus Elder 2.1, Apuleius 6.6, Nonnus Dionysiaca 1.86, et. "Afterwards she [Gaia (Gaea), Earth] lay with Ouranos (Uranus, Heaven) and bare deep-swirling Okeanos (Oceanus), Koios (Coeus) and Krios (Crius) and Hyperion and Iapetos (Iapetus), Theia and Rheia, Themis and Mnemosyne and gold-crowned Phoibe (Phoebe) and lovely Tethys. Uranus had several children including the Titans, the Cyclopes, the Giants, the Erinyes, the Meliae and Aphrodite. ", Callimachus, Fragment 498 (trans. . The goddess Aphrodite arose from the genitals that were tossed into the sea. Hesiod, Theogony 115 ff (trans. 50 ff (trans. "The narcissus, which Gaia (Gaea) made to grow at the will of Zeus . Gaia fashioned a sickle of flint and gave it to him. Learn some of the myths surrounding his creation and the story that tells how he was overthrown and the immediate consequences. "The holy Heaven (ouranos) yearns to wound the Earth (khthon) [i.e. : Orphica, Theogonies Fragment (from the Deveni Papyrus) (trans. They had snakes for hair and bat wings and tormented their victims with brass scourges. : : Uranus was Father Sky, the Ancient Greek personification of the heavens and, for a while, the ruler of the known universe. "[Aphrodite] newly born from the brine; when the water impregnated from the furrow of Ouranos (Uranus) was delivered of deepsea Aphrodite; when without marriage, the seed plowed the flood with male fertility, and of itself shaped the foam into a daughter, and Physis (Nature) was the midwife. 73. 435 ff : "[During the War of the Titanes (Titans) :] The boundless sea rang terribly around, and the earth crashed loudly: wide heaven (ouranos) was shaken and groaned . : al.) :] Oceanus, Themis, Tartarus, Pontus; and Titanes: Briareus, Gyes, Steropes, Atlas, Hyperion and Polus [Koios (Coeus)], Saturnus [Kronos (Cronus)], Ops [Rhea], Moneta [Mnemosyne], Dione; and three Furiae [Erinyes], namely Alecto, Megaera, Tisiphone. As a result, Aphrodite emerged from the ocean as Uranus daughter. Greek Elegiac) (Greek elegy C6th B.C.) The sky-god's blood fell upon the earth, producing the avenging Erinyes and the Gigantes (Giants). So he said : and vast Gaia rejoiced greatly in spirit, and set and hid him in an ambush, and put in his hands a jagged sickle, and revealed to him the whole plot. Though his Titan children could be quite beautiful, Uranus was so repelled by the sight of the Hecatoncheires that he tried to push them back into Gaias womb, which caused her terrible pain. Amar (Day) [Hemera] and Melana (Moon) [Selene] and third, Skotos (Darkness) [Erebos] as far as Marmarugas (Flashings)." [N.B. , Most linguists trace the etymology the name to a Proto-Greek form *Worsans (), enlarged from *ors- (also found in Greek (our) 'to urinate', Sanskrit var 'rain', Hittite ara- 'fog, mist'). Uranus imprisoned Gaia's youngest children in Tartarus, deep within Earth, where they caused pain to Gaia. His siblings include Pontos, who was the personification of the sea, and the Ourea, primordial gods of the mountains. His grandchildren were the Olympians. : Apuleius, The Golden Ass 6. O'Neill) (Greek comedy C5th to 4th B.C.) ", Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 2. 223 ff : "Very far, very far, right at the furthest end of the dome of heaven (ouranos). All rank was equal. The planet Uranus was so named by William Herschel after the Greek god of the sky. 4 (trans. She built an adamantine sickle and looked for the help of her sons to challenge Uranus rule. (Hes. Campbell, Vol. [also called] Herakles (Heracles) generated a huge egg, which, being filled full, by the force of its engenderer was broken in two from friction. . "Did not the water conceive Aphrodite by a heavenly husbandry [Ouranos (Uranus)], and bring her forth from the deeps? Others preferred to name it "Herschel". Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) Only her youngest son Cronus agreed to the plot, because he wanted to replace his father as leader of the gods. Harken you now to me, one and all, and grant that I may bear a child apart from Zeus.", Pindar, Olympian Ode 7. : The Meliae helped to raise Cronus and Rheas son Zeus after Rhea needed to hide him from Cronus, who would have swallowed him as hed swallowed Zeus other brothers and sisters. vi. For a brazen anvil falling down from heaven (ouranos) nine nights and days would reach the earth (gaia) upon the tenth: and again, a brazen anvil falling from earth nine nights and days would reach Tartaros (Tartarus) upon the tenth. : Callimachus, Fragment 498 (trans. [2.1] AITHER & GAIA (Titanomachia Frag 2) Uranus, with its featureless, blue-green disk, is the only planet to be named after a Greek and not a Roman god. . "Thus as she [Eos the Dawn] cried [over the death of her son Memnon], the tears ran down her face immortal, like a river brimming aye : drenched was the dark earth round the corse. ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 13. The lost Titanomachia epic, attributed to Eumelus of Corinth, included a cosmogony. Sokrates (Socrates) : Let us inquire what thought men had in giving them [the gods] their names .  In Sumerian mythology and later for Assyrians and Babylonians, Anu is the sky god and represented law and order. [N.B. He married Ge (Gaea, Earth) and sired first the Hekatonkheires (Hecatoncheires), who were names Briareos (Briareus), Gyes and Kottos (Cottus). ", Homeric Hymn 2 to Demeter 5 ff (trans. Others say that he did not have traditional parents and instead born from the primal form of the universe. But Uranus and Gaia informed Cronus of a prophecy that sounded very familiar to him. was covered up in Gaia's bosom [i.e. Aphrodite, born on the sea foam, was the goddess of love and beauty. O'Neill) (Greek comedy C5th to 4th B.C.) ", Hesiod, Theogony 44 ff : [5.1] AITNA (by Gaia) (Simonides Frag 52, Scholiast on Theocritus 1.65). "Aitna (Etna) is a mountain in Sikelia (Sicily), named after Aitna, daughter of Ouranos (Uranus, Heaven) and Ge (Gaea, Earth), according to Alkimos (Alcimus) in his work on Sikelia (Sicily). 73. . "And they [Mousai (Muses)] uttering their immortal voice, celebrate in song first of all the reverend race of the gods from the beginning, those whom Gaia (Gaea) and wide Ouranos (Uranus) begot [the Titanes], and the gods sprung of these, givers of good things. 98 ff : Some sources say that Aphrodite was born from Uranus genitals after Cronus threw them into the sea. As Symbol Sage editors, we write about things that we love and we think you'll like too. The universe was still, silent, and dark, until Love appeared and became the catalyst for creation. "For he [Kronos (Cronus)] learned from Gaia (Gaea, Earth) and starry Ouranos (Uranus, Heaven) that he was destined to be overcome by his own son, strong though he was, through the contriving of great Zeus. 133, &c.) 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