Theses cases present a much higher risk and the importance of scanning in such cases is paramount. The first is the case of a dog which is not exempt. It also allows for a lawful formal transfer within strictly controlled time limits. e.g., rewards for destruction of wild animals, etc. The regime in the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 was amended by the Dangerous Dogs (Amendment) Act 1997 and the Anti-Social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014. The document now appears on the CPS website. It addresses the practical problem of what happens when someone in control of a prohibited dog is no longer able to care for it by providing for the intended new keeper to be able immediately to take control of the dog without breaking the law, and without requiring the police to seize the dog. The effect of the Chief Constable's argument would be significantly to disadvantage those who have taken steps to comply with the legislation by obtaining a certificate of exemption. The scheme was originally that in the Dangerous Dogs Compensation and Exemption Schemes Order 1991 ("the 1991 Order") which has been replaced by the 2015 Order. View LAWS1075-Final-Notes.pdf from LAW 203 at Australian Institute of Management. Having done so and considered the legislative structure and scheme as a whole, we are entirely satisfied that section 4B(2A) does not permit a court to make a finding that someone who is not "the owner" or "a person for the time being in charge of a dog" is a fit and proper person to be in charge of it. But Sandhu remains relevant to a limited extent: it sets out the purpose of the legislation (see  above). 1844.) Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. For example, it could be that the owner of the kennels where the dog has been housed since being seized wishes to apply (as in "Stella's case"). In view of the conclusion to which we have come on the meaning of the legislation, it is not necessary to rely on the guideline. In this way, the statute directs the exercise of the discretion conferred on the justice or sheriff. Any (3) Subject to any extension granted by the court under section 4A(2) of the Act, the conditions in articles 6 to 9 must be complied with—. If exemption is lost (or has never been obtained), then section 4B becomes the operative provision upon seizure of the dog. Examples include spiteful killings within difficult divorces and mistakes being made within police kennels and by the Courts. [The case stated contains no finding that Mrs McCann was the person for the time being in charge of Sky but the learned Recorder stated in the judgment (see Transcript 91G) that "[a]though the McCanns have never had either ownership or the status of being in charge of her [Sky], save for dog walking, they are fit and proper persons to be in charge of her".]. a.Sky had ceased to be an exempted dog (paragraph 8) as a result of article 5 of the 2015 Order (i.e. Control conditions on dog licences. Conditions for substitution of person in charge of exempted dog, When a dog has been exempted from the prohibition in section 1(3) of the Act in accordance with Part 2 of this Order, a person (in this Part referred to as "the applicant") may apply to a magistrates' court to be substituted as the person in charge of the dog only if the person determined by the court under section 4(1B) or 4B(2A) of the Act or under this Part as being a fit and proper person is unable to continue to be in charge of the dog by reason of—. smokeybear. Dangerous Dogs In Breach Of Court Orders Seized By Force. The history of these proceedings is not straightforward. It does not, however, apply in any circumstances in which the person in control of the dog could continue to care for the dog, but has chosen not to do so. In addition, it will be for the Crown Court to consider, if it is satisfied that she was a person in charge for the time being, whether it is satisfied more generally for the purposes of section 4B(2)(a) that the dog would not constitute a danger to public safety. The court has the power to a appoint a person to undertake the destruction of the dog. First, it is important to achieve consistency, so far as possible, in the use of the phrase within that Act. (2) The conditions referred to in paragraph (1)(b) are that—. Those cases are not unique. She accepted that, on her interpretation, if in this case Mr Webb had continued to abide by all the conditions of Sky's exemption certificate, there would be no route for the keepership of Sky to be transferred lawfully to Mrs McCann because article 12 would not apply to the facts of this case. The factual background and the evidence: The material facts set out below are primarily taken from the case stated, and the references in this part and Part IV of this judgment are to paragraphs in the case stated. It is more probable that the breach of the compact was due to Polycrates, for when Cambyses of Persia invaded Egypt (525) the Samian tyrant offered to support him with a naval contingent. State Employees Contracting with State Agencies If you are a current state employee and you are seeking to contract with another (or perhaps your own) state agency to perform work that is unrelated to your official duties, you may need to obtain our approval before doing so. This banner text can have markup.. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation This is because that would have the effect of narrowing the range of persons who may be liable under section 3, which cannot be what Parliament intended. The background to the insertion of section 4B(2A) and the other provisions in section 4B is of particular relevance, but we also consider it important to consider the implications of the rival interpretations for other parts of the statutory framework. Barbara McCann sought judicial review of DEFRA's decision to refuse to consider her application for an exemption certificate. © 2020 Michigan State University College of Law. For the reasons given in Part VI, we have concluded that the Crown Court erred in its approach in appearing to consider that it was enough that Mrs McCann was a fit and proper person to be in charge of Sky, and treated this as one of the "other relevant circumstances" in section 4B(2A)(b) of the Act: see in particular  – , ,  – , and  –  below. R v Kenton Hooker – This was referred back from the Criminal Cases Review Commission to the Ipswich Crown Court, who quashed the destruction order and replaced this with a contingent destruction Order. The precise issues before this court are whether Magistrates' and Crown Courts have power to make a CDO naming a person other than the owner of a dog or, in the words of the Act, "the person for the time being in charge of it", and the meaning of the term "the person for the time being in charge of". ( Log Out / It concerns the correct interpretation of the statutory scheme, set out in the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 as amended ("the Act") and the Dangerous Dogs Exemption Schemes (England and Wales) Order 2015 SI 2015 No. But, where that exception applies, there is no restriction in article 12 on the identity of the person who may be substituted for the existing owner or keeper other than the requirement to consider whether the person who has applied to be substituted is a fit and proper person to be in charge of the dog. Article 11 makes provision for the position when a dog has been released under the interim exemption scheme and is subsequently made subject to a CDO by the court. (paragraphs 1 and 10). ( Log Out / 11. Mike Karbassi, Head of Cyber Underwriting. It is, however, published by the Secretary of State in order to assist the relevant prosecuting authorities, and so it is of some relevance. It renders the contract "irreparably broken" and defeats the … b.under the 1991 Act, the Appellant could not transfer ownership of Sky to any other person, because section 1 made it an offence to sell or give away a dog of a prohibited breed (paragraph 9). The Appellant invites the court to read into the words "the justice or sheriff…may consider any other relevant circumstances" in section 4B(1) and 4B(2A) the existence of an additional scheme for the transfer of keepership of prohibited dogs. Control conditions on dog licences. She argued that those circumstances included the involvement of Barbara McCann and her daughter with Sky between the time she was placed in kennels in 2015 and her seizure by the police on 21 April 2016, the fact that Barbara McCann was willing to care for Sky and the police recognised that she and her daughter were fit and proper persons to be in charge of her, and that the Appellant wished her to live with the McCanns. That provision is largely designed to deal with the position where the owner cannot be found, although it could also apply in other circumstances, for example where the owner has purported to abandon the dog. In seeking to exercise the care required by the RCVS Code of Conduct, the best protection for veterinary surgeons against improper destruction in court ordered cases can be obtained by: In cases where dogs are “signed over” on condition the owner will not be prosecuted, matters are more problematic, as often there is no cooling off period given by the police to owners who are likely to have made their decision without the benefit of legal or any other advice and who frequently change their mind and argue that consent was not freely given. A contingent liability is a potential liability that may or may not occur, depending on the result of an uncertain future event. Our starting point in considering the rival submissions is carefully to examine the statutory language and the background to, and the purpose of, the legislation. In this case there is the additional difficulty that the legislative scheme as a whole is detailed and provides for a very restrictive regime on the transfer of keepership of exempt dogs. It provides that the owner or person in charge of a dog which is dangerously out of control, is guilty of an offence. While such an order could be made at the same time as the contingent order, it may be advantageous The Chief Constable then made written representations to the Crown Court, copied to the Appellant's solicitor. Partner and Solicitor Advocate with Parry and Welch Solicitors LLP, Widnes. Section 1(2) of the Act prohibits the sale, exchange, gifting and abandoning of prohibited dogs, irrespective of whether they are exempt. There are two parts to this case: first, a legal question as to what the phrase "for the time being in charge" means; and secondly, a factual question as to whether Mrs McCann meets that description. 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Dangerous dogs Act 1991 does not transfer ownership of such dogs can not be construed narrowly Appellant 's is!
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