The profession of soldiering as part of a military is older than recorded history itself. A thousand years later, the first emperor of unified China, Qin Shi Huang, was so determined to impress the gods with his military might that he had himself buried with an army of terracotta soldiers. Trench warfare often turned to a stalemate, only broken by a large loss of life, because, in order to attack an enemy entrenchment, soldiers had to run through an exposed 'no man's land' under heavy fire from their opposing entrenched enemy. Personnel may be recruited or conscripted, depending on the system chosen by the state. Possessing military capability is not sufficient if this capability cannot be deployed for, and employed in combat operations. During the war, significant advances were made in military communications through increased use of radio, military intelligence through use of the radar, and in military medicine through use of penicillin, while in the air, the guided missile, jet aircraft, and helicopters were seen for the first time. The main task of the military is usually defined as defence of the state and its interests against external armed threats. Stone weapons gave way to Bronze Age weapons, and later, the Iron Age weapons. The design, development, and prototyping of weapons, military support equipment, and military technology in general, is also an area in which much effort is invested it includes everything from global communication networks and aircraft carriers to paint and food. Having military intelligence representatives participate in the execution of the national defence policy is important, because it becomes the first respondent and commentator on the policy expected strategic goal, compared to the realities of identified threats. Militarism is sometimes contrasted with the concepts of comprehensive national power, soft power and hard power. Much depends on the nature of the society itself, and whether it sees the military as important, as for example in time of threat or war, or a burdensome expense typified by defence cuts in time of peace. A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare. This is at once an organization, a system and a process collectively called military intelligence (MI).  Penalties range from a summary reprimand to imprisonment for several years following a court martial. Conclusion On The List of Countries By Military Power Ranking In The World 2020. Organization primarily tasked with preparing for and conducting war. Military scientists are therefore found to interact with all Arms and Services of the armed forces, and at all levels of the military hierarchy of command. , One of the oldest military publications is The Art of War, by the Chinese philosopher Sun Tzu. An early exponent was Hugo Grotius, whose On the Law of War and Peace (1625) had a major impact of the humanitarian approach to warfare development.  Some armed forces allow a short discharge window, normally during training, when recruits may leave the armed force as of right. A major development in infantry tactics came with the increased use of trench warfare in the 19th and 20th centuries. Taktike Theoria examined Greek military tactics, and was most influential in the Byzantine world and during the Golden Age of Islam. In time, the successors to muskets and cannon, in the form of rifles and artillery, would become core battlefield technology. 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